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Quiz 1: Vocabulary Focus
  1. What is the smoking at work?
  2. Her children are very .
  3. So, you are not coming to the party based on your work clothes.
  4. I am . Can you recommend a good place to eat?
  5. Who is the speaker at the conference?
Quiz 3: Questions for You!
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Audio Notes Scene #22 About the Apartment

the primary one

I have some questions, the primary one being transportation.

When something is primary, that means it is the first thing, or the most important thing among a set. For example, the primary colors are red, blue and green. Here are few examples of the word primary:

1) My primary concern is that we will not have enough money.

2) The primary reason he went home was because he was tired.

I take it

I take it you are new to the area.

Here the phrase 'I take it' means 'I think' or 'I assume'. It lets the listener know that the speaker is confident in what they are saying but not sure. The phrase 'I take it' lets the listener know they should confirm the statement. . Here is an exchange using the phrase 'I take it'.

A: I take it you are not coming to the party. ( Are you coming?)
B: No, I have to work.

new to the area

If you are new to the area, you might get lost.

When a person is new to an area, that means they just moved there and they are unfamiliar with it. Notice the following:

1) I am new to the area. Can you tell me where the post office is?

2) Are you new to the area? I have not seen you before.

policy on

What is your policy on pets?

A policy is a set of rules or guidelines people follow in a certain situation or environment. For example, teachers may have a policy on homework. If it is late, you lose a point. Notice the following:

1) We have a policy on sick leave. You can never take it!

2) The policy on the dress code states that all men must wear ties.

well-behaved (prefix well-)

If the pet is well-behaved and well-trained, it can stay.

When people or animals are well-behaved they act in a nice way. They are not rude or loud or messy. The prefix 'well' means good. You can be well-behaved, well-trained, well-respected, well-known, etc. Here are a few examples using well-behaved:

1) My students are so noisy. They are not very well-behaved.

2) The child was very well-behaved on the flight.