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Improve your vocabulary, listening or reading skills with the quizzes below.
Vocabulary Quiz
balaclava • shocking • unbridled
angst • momentum • opportunism
  1. The news had images of the violence happening in the city.
  2. I forgot my at home when I went skiing, and now my face is freezing.
  3. This is a situation of , and you would be silly not to take the opportunity in front of you.
  4. This music has a little too much and aggression for me.
  5. The most important thing for us to do with this project is keep the going strong.
  6. The number of people that living in Mexico City is .
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.

1201 Protests
Julia and Todd talk about the riots in London and if the likely hood it will happen again.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


When you think of London, you don't think of people wearing balaclavas.

A 'balaclava' is a tight hat that goes over your head, face and all the way down your neck. Notice the following:

  1. The shopkeeper became very nervous when a man walked in with a balaclava over his face.
  2. You should probably wear a balaclava, because it's very cold outside.


There was a lot of violence and quite shocking images.

Something 'shocking' surprises or horrifies you. Notice the following:

  1. Michael Jackson's death was shocking to people all over the world.
  2. The fact that Italy lost the game was shocking.

unbridled violence

It was just kind of unbridled violence, so it didn't gain any support.

When something is 'unbridled,' it is not controlled or restrained in anyway. Notice the following:

  1. He's having problems at school because of his unbridled violence.
  2. It isn't safe to travel there right now. There have been big problems with unbridled violence.


It was basically releasing youthful angst and built up aggression.

'Angst' is a feeling of anxiety or anguish. Notice the following:

  1. He was filled with angst when he was a teenager.
  2. Her angst makes her not much fun to be around.

gain momentum

Violence because you want consumer goods doesn't gain much momentum as a movement.

When a 'movement' or cause 'gains momentum,' it gains force or becomes stronger because people find out about it and are supportive.  Notice the following:

  1. There have been very few social movements that have gained this much momentum in such a short period of time.
  2. They have been waiting for their product sales to gain momentum.


So, there was a lot of opportunism?

'Opportunism' is when someone takes advantage of a situation for his own personal benefit, usually sacrificing ethics or morals. Notice the following:

  1. Most of what she has accomplished has been because of opportunism, not because of personal ability.
  2. This is the land of opportunism and opportunity.