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Improve your vocabulary, listening or reading skills with the quizzes below.
Vocabulary Quiz
variations • submission • the bat
versatile • check out
  1. I prefer martial arts that does not include .
  2. This is the most jacket I own.
  3. I know this seems like a lot of information right off , but you will learn everything really quickly.
  4. Is there anything else in the city you would like to ?
  5. There are many different of this dance depending on what part of the country you come from.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.

1208 MMA
Mike explains to Erina about Mixed Martial Arts and how it is different from boxing.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


There are a lot of different variations of MMA.

When there are 'variations' between similar things, there are small, but significant, differences between the different types. Notice the following:

  1. This is a variation of a soup my grandmother used to make.
  2. Many people play this card game around the world, so there are lots of different variations.


There's fighting going to the ground, which would also include submission.

Here, 'submission' refers to the act of one opponent giving up during a wrestling match. Notice the following:

  1. The match ended with submission less than a minute into the first round.
  2. Most of his matches end with his opponent submitting.

off the bat

Right off the bat, that's quite a big difference.

'Right off the bat' is another way to say 'to start with.' Here, Mike is using the phrase to talk about one big difference the two sports. Notice the following:

  1. So predictable. I get a new white shirt and then spill something on it right off the bat.
  2. I think she knew right off the bat that they were going to get married.


MMA is becoming much bigger than boxing, because it's so versatile.

A 'versatile' fighter would be able to use a large variety of methods very well and easily switch back and forth between them. Notice the following:

  1. My favorite thing about these shoes is that they are so versatile. They're comfortable too.
  2. He's one of the best players on the team, because he's very versatile.

check them out

They're a lot of fun, so please check them out.

You tell someone to 'check something out' when you want him to see or experience it. You 'check out' things that you haven't seen or done before. Notice the following:

  1. There's a new movie that I would like to check out.
  2. Did you get a chance to check out anything interesting on your business trip?