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Improve your vocabulary, listening or reading skills with the quizzes below.
Vocabulary Quiz
chastising • exceptional • confidence
take • eye-opening • innate
  1. Do you think athletic ability is or learned?
  2. The restaurant isn't well decorated, but the food is .
  3. A few members of the team don't losing very well.
  4. Volunteering in hospitals around the world would be a very experience.
  5. Preschool is a good place for building activities.
  6. She is always her husband for the things he does wrong around the house.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.

1225 Good Job!

Julia and Todd look at praising students and it criticism is a good thing.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

chastise/ praise

I read recently that chastising a student has no motivational value, but praise does.

When you strongly criticize someone, you are 'chastising' him. 'Praising' someone involves making positive comments about his actions. Notice the following:

  1. His boss chastised him for his low sales.
  2. It's important to praise your animals when act the way they should.


If you tell kids that they're doing great when actually they're not that exceptional, maybe that does them harm.

Someone is 'exceptional' if he is excellent or extraordinary. Notice the following:

  1. They have an exceptional public transportation system.
  2. She has been an exceptional athlete ever since she learned to run.

confidence building

You should focus more on the successes than failures for confidence building.

'Confidence building' involves saying or doing something that makes another person or yourself feel better about specific abilities. Notice the following:

  1. The convention focuses on confidence building in young women.
  2. Keeping a journal of what you do at the gym is good for seeing your personal improvements and confidence building.

take it

Later in life, when I did encounter failure, I took it pretty bad.

Here, how you 'take something' refers to your reaction to an event. It is how you manage or cope with it. Notice the following:

  1. I'm surprised how well he took the news.
  2. She is taking the death of her dog really hard.


Maybe failing is an eye-opening moment you need to see.

An 'eye-opening' experience is one that makes you see things as they really are, instead of what you thought they were. Notice the following:

  1. An internship will give you an eye-opening experience and show you what it is really like to work in this business.
  2. Traveling to poor countries is a very eye-opening experience.

as opposed to / innate

Intelligence can be something gained over time, as opposed to being an innate quality that you can never have if you don't have it now.

'As opposed to' is used to present an idea that contrasts with one that was originally listed. Something 'innate' is a quality or capability that you are born with. Notice the following:

  1. It appears that happiness is just innate in some people.
  2. I would prefer to eat something healthy, as opposed to eating pizza again tonight.