English Course for Beginners - CEFR A1 - Lesson 23 of 25

Past Tense

Read and listen to four conversations using the grammar.

Conversation 1

Man: What did you do yesterday?
Woman: Nothing much. I just stayed at home and cleaned the house.
Man: How boring!
Woman: Yeah, it was. And you? What did you do?
Man: I drove to the mountains and went hiking.
Woman: That sounds fun!
Man: It was. I had a great time.

Conversation 2

Man: Did you do anything this weekend?
Woman: I did. I took the train to the city and met my friend.
Man: Oh, yeah? What did you do?
Woman: We had lunch and did some shopping.
Man: Did you buy anything?
Woman: No, I didn’t. I just went window shopping. I’m trying to save money.
Man: Me too!

Conversation 3

Man: How was your day?
Woman: Terrible. I was so busy.
Man: Oh, that’s too bad.
Woman: Yeah, we were so busy at lunch. One person called in sick, so we were short-staffed.
Man: That’s no good. How did you manage?
Woman: The boss came in and helped us.

Conversation 4

Man: Did you talk to Bob?
Woman: I did. He said he was sorry.
Man: What did he say?
Woman: He said he didn’t mean to get mad at you.
Man: Well, he did. He made me cry.
Woman: I know. But he is really sorry about it.

Past Tense

Point 1: We use the simple past to talk about completed events.
  1. We watched a really good movie.
  2. I went to Nepal for a year.
  3. I played tennis when I was a kid.
  4. They bought a new house.
Point 2Affirmative sentences use the past tense form of the verb, which often is an -ed ending.
  1. He stayed home and studied.
  2. He worked late last night.
  3. She cooked a big dinner.
  4. He washed and ironed the clothes.
Point 3: Many verbs have an irregular form that is not an -ed ending, but rather a special spelling.
  1. I met Joe last night. (meet)
  2. We had dinner at the new cafe. (have)
  3. We ate their pasta. (eat)
  4. Later, we saw a movie. (see)
  5. It made me cry! (make)
  6. He bought dinner, so I paid for the movie. (buy/pay)
Point 4: For WH questions, use did after the question word.
  • What did you do on the weekend?
    • I stayed home and studied.
  • Where did Roy go on the weekend?
    • He went to Devon.
  • Who did you meet?
    • I met Susan.
Point 5: For Yes / No questions, we use did to start the question, and did in short answers.
  • Did you go out on Saturday?
    • Yes, I did go out.
    • No, I didn’t go out.
  • Did you see Roy?
    • Yes, I did.
    • No, I didn’t.
Point 6: For negative statements, just add did not or didn’t before the base verb.
  1. I did not have time to go to the party.
  2. I didn't have time to go to the party.
  3. She did not like her dinner.
  4. She didn't like her dinner.
  5. The trains did not leave on time.
  6. The trains didn't leave on time.
Answer these questions about the interview.

Gap Fill: Complete the conversation with the correct word!


More Grammar Conversations for Beginner Students (A1)

Grammar Listening Practice

1247 Work from Abroad
A1-21 There is / There are
Excuse me, is there a gym in the hotel?

1247 Work from Abroad
A1-22 Was / Were
How was the movie?

1247 Work from Abroad
A1-23 Past Tense
I drove to the mountains and went hiking.

1247 Work from Abroad
A1-24 Articles
Do you have an eraser?

1247 Work from Abroad
A1-25 Any / Some
Do you have any paper?

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