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Vocabulary Quiz
preempt • bottom • backs
generalize • liberal • bloody
  1. He is a successful lawyer because he never off.
  2. Keys don't just disappear. I am going to get to the of this.
  3. It's hard to believe that wearing a bikini was once a idea.
  4. Wow. I had no idea it was so late already.
  5. I just want to your response by reminding you it is very important that you tell the truth.
  6. To , most of our clients are married women.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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419 Canucks and Yanks
Mike compares Canadians and Americans.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


Again, that's just to preempt it by saying we're very similar, however there are definitely some differences.

If you say something 'preemptively' it means that you anticipate the listener's response and you make a comment before giving your opinion or information to change their opinion. Notice the following:

  1. He preempted his comment by saying that he was really happy working for us.
  2. It would be better if you preempted that statement by saying thank you for the opportunity that they have given you.

get to the bottom

Most of my American friends want to debate and get to the bottom of a topic.

When you 'get to the bottom' of something it means you reach a conclusion. Notice the following:

  1. The police are going to get to the bottom of this.
  2. I can't relax until we get to the bottom of this.

back off

Canadians would rather just back off and say you're right.

To 'back off' in an argument or discussion means to stop discussing with the other person or let them think that you agree just to finish the argument. A non-confrontational person would prefer this response. Notice the following:

  1. Why don't you just back off a little?
  2. I tried to back off, but she wouldn't stop arguing with me.


I can't speak for all Canadians, but just to generalize, that's one difference.

When you 'generalize' you take the information that you have about a few people or situations and make a statement that includes everyone. Notice the following:

  1. You really shouldn't generalize about people here based on this experience.
  2. To generalize, people in this city have a reputation for being friendly.


Canadians tend to be a little bit more liberal and easy-going.

If you are a 'liberal' person you are open to new ideas and ways of thought. Notice the following:

  1. He became very liberal during his time in college.
  2. This is a very liberal city in a conservative part of the country.

bloody cold

I think the main reason for their sense of humor is because it's so bloody cold in Canada.

'Bloody' is an adverb used by British English speakers. It is an intensifier like 'very,' 'really' or 'extremely.' It is used in informal speech. Notice the following:

  1. He talks so bloody loud all the time.
  2. It has been bloody rainy all day.