Present Simple - Third Person Singular
1: The third person singular refers to a person or thing you are talking about. Because it is singular, it refers to just one person or thing.
- Bob is my boss. He helps me a lot.
- Suzy has a nice car, but she never drives it to work.
- My phone does not take pictures. It does not have camera.
- This pizza tastes great. It has a lot of calories though.
2: In the present tense, we add an /-s/ to verbs if the subject is the third person singular.
- Larry loves videos games. He plays them every night.
- Sue walks to work. She listens to podcasts as she walks.
- My phone needs a new charger. It costs 40 dollars.
3: In negative statements, change do not to does not. In spoken English, we often say the contraction doesn't.
- She does not work nights.
- She doesn't work nights.
- He does not travel much.
- He doesn't travel much.
- It does not snow much in my town.
- It doesn't snow much in my town.
4: In questions, change the auxiliary do to does in WH questions if the question is about the object.
- When does the train leave? / It leaves a six.
- What does your mom want for her birthday? / She wants a cat.
- How does your wife get to work? / She takes the bus.
- Why does he always look angry? / He has a lot of stress
5: Add /-s/ to the verb, and do not use does, if the question is about the subject. The question word will be either what or who.
- Who lives here? / My friend lives here.
- What costs a lot of money? / College costs a lot of money.
- Who talks to you every day? / My dad talks to me every day.
- What takes up a lot of your time? / Driving to work does.
6: In Yes/No questions, change the auxiliary do to does in both the question and the short answer.
- Does he work here? / Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't. (does not)
- Does she have a nice house? / Yes, she does. / No, she does not.
- Does it rain much in your town / Yes, it does. / No, it does not.