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Improve your vocabulary, listening or reading skills with the quizzes below.
Vocabulary Quiz
system • territory • coming up
most seats • riding
  1. He lost his by a few thousand votes.
  2. Many people are hoping that the Democrats will win the in this election.
  3. Spain got a lot of new because of Hernan Cortez.
  4. He is preparing for a speech he has .
  5. Most citizens are aware of problems in the political .
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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232 Canadian Politics
Steve talks about the government in Canada.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

political system

How does the Canadian political system work?

A 'political system' is the framework for how politics work in a country.  Notice the following:

  1. It is difficult to understand exactly how the political system works here because there is so much corruption.
  2. The last few elections have made a mess of the political system.


In Canada, there are ten provinces and three territories.

In this case a 'territory' is a place that is owned by Canada and part of the Canadian continent, but does not have enough people to be considered a state. Notice the following:

  1. Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States.
  2. There are many British territories around the world.

coming up

There's an election coming up sometime this year.

If something is 'coming up' it will happen in the near future. Notice the following:

  1. Your birthday is coming up soon, right?
  2. I have my final exams coming up next week.

win the most seats

The party that wins the most seats becomes the ruling party.

A 'seat' refers to a representative within the Federal Parliament.  So the example is saying that whichever political party has the most representatives in the House of Commons is the ruling party. Notice the following:

  1. It will be a surprise to see who wins the most seats in the next election.
  2. The New Conservative Party won the most seats during the last election.


The leader of the party must also run in their own constituency or riding.

A 'riding' is an geographical location, such as a city, that has representation in the House of Commons in Canada. Notice the following:

  1. Our riding usually votes for the New Democratic Party.
  2. It was a very close election in our riding.