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Vocabulary Quiz
initiated • of the art • nightmare
sure enough • full-fledged
  1. I thought he was stealing my money and, , I caught him.
  2. We have already the process to move you to a new office.
  3. A little bit of snow quickly turned into a blizzard.
  4. There was no water or electricity for three days.  It was a .
  5. Our company is very basic. Nothing state about it.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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238 Bad Students
Norman talks about a class that gave him trouble as a teacher.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


It started when I initiated a computer project.

To 'initiate' something is to begin it. Notice the following:

  1. We are going to initiate this new plan after the New Year.
  2. They are always initiating fights with each other.


Back then, we didn't have state-of-the-art computer labs.

If something is 'state-of-the-art' it means it is the most modern technology. Notice the following:

  1. Our school has a state of the art security system.
  2. He always has the most state of the art computer software.


Teaching that class must have been a nightmare!

We use 'nightmare' in this sense to say that something sounds like a really bad situation. Notice the following:

  1. She can be a real nightmare when she gets really hungry.
  2. It took me three full days to get back home.  What a nightmare.

sure enough

I peeked in, and sure enough, there was watermelon inside.

Used like this 'sure enough' means 'of course' or 'like I predicted.' Notice the following:

  1. The weather report said it would rain and, sure enough, it was right.
  2. Sure enough.  He's late again.


After a year, we moved to a full-fledged lab.

A 'full-fledged' lab is one that is fully developed and has all of the necessary equipment. Notice the following:

  1. I just had a cough yesterday, but today it is a full-fledged cold.
  2. You told me only a few people were coming, but this is a full-fledged party.