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Vocabulary Quiz
landscapes • country • flat
built-up • pollution
  1. This town has become a lot more in the last fifteen years.
  2. The air in the feels fresh and clean.
  3. Some days you an actually see the air like a cloud above the city.
  4. His photography focuses on , not people.
  5. It is much easier to build on land than on a hill.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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275 The Land of Australia
Aaron talks about the landscape of his home country.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

landscape

Can you describe the Australian landscape?

In this case 'landscape' refers to the natural look of the land in areas where people haven't changed it, like the country. Notice the following:

  1. There are all different types of landscapes in a small area of this country.
  2. The landscape here is flat and boring

country

In Australia, not many people live in the country.

The 'country' is are that is mostly open land, sometimes used for farming, and doesn't have many people that live there. It is not urban and doesn't have big buildings or many cars. Notice the following:

  1. He bought a house in the country to escape from the crazy life of the city.
  2. We own a farm in the country.

flat

There's one high-rise area and the rest is just flat.

A 'flat' area doesn't have any hills or mountains. Notice the following:

  1. It is a lot easier to run here because the trail is flat.
  2. You need a really flat area to play soccer.

built-up area

The rest of Australia is just built-up areas.

A 'built-up area' is an area where a lot of human construction or changes have happened. Notice the following:

  1. The city continues to grow and they have built up the surrounding areas so it can expand.
  2. This area has been built up a lot and looks nothing like it did one hundred years ago.

pollution

The best beaches are in Queensland, where pollution is low.

'Pollution' is the contamination or natural things, such as air and water, that are a result of human actions. An example is smoke from cars or factories that causes problems in the air.  Notice the following:

  1. The city is doing a lot to reduce water pollution and make the lakes safer for swimming and fishing.
  2. Now that more people have cars air pollution has become a big problem.