tutorStudy Options
Improve your vocabulary, listening or reading skills with the quizzes below.
Vocabulary Quiz
guaranteed • cliffs • paradise 
surprisingly • wildlife • terrain
  1. is great as long as it stays out of your house.
  2. It's hard to believe that people settled in place with this kind of . It would be almost impossible to build anything.
  3. This would be a nightlife lover's, but I don't really enjoy going out.
  4. We had a plan to meet here at 11 o'clock, but not he arrived a half an hour late.
  5. The view is absolutely beautiful, a lake surrounded by big .
  6. You are to receive your order by the end of the week.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
Audio Links
headphones

Download this MP3
(right click and save)

Buy this MP3 +1300
more MP3 and PDF

story image

413 California
Todd talks about what is cool about California.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

guaranteed or cliffs

From the tall cliffs, you are almost always guaranteed a beautiful view, especially at sunset.

If something is 'guaranteed' it is certain. In this case, it is certain that you will have a beautiful view. A 'cliff' is a high rock that has at least one very steep side. If you stand at the edge of a cliff you can see straight to the ground. Notice the following:

  1. There is a cliff near here where you can jump off into the water.
  2. You are always guaranteed to have a good time with him.

surfer's paradise

California has nearly 2,000 km of coastline, so the state is known as a surfer's paradise.

If a person likes surfing then a location that has good surfing is 'paradise' or like a dream for him. We can add 'paradise' after any noun to show that it is something that is a good place for him. For example, a place surrounded by ocean with lots of fish would be a fisherman's paradise. Notice the following:

  1. The market in Peru is a jewelry collector's paradise.
  2. This area is really a seafood lover's paradise.

not surprisingly

The weather in the south can be very hot and dry, so not surprisingly, you will find many deserts there.

You can use 'not surprisingly' along with a statement that is logical or obvious. The information you are giving is not a surprise, it makes sense. Notice the following:

  1. I ate a lot of fried food yesterday, so not surprisingly, I don't feel that well today.
  2. Not surprisingly, after the heavy rains many people had problems with water in their homes.

wildlife

These dry lands are home to many wildlife, such as iguana, foxes, and rattlesnakes.

'Wildlife' includes animals such as birds, snakes, mammals, etc, that live in a wild area. Animals in zoos are not considered wildlife. Notice the following:

  1. There is not much wildlife in the city.
  2. People who love wildlife will think this park is very interesting.

terrain

California is not all wild terrain, but also home to large areas of farm land.

We use the word 'terrain' to talk about land that is still in its natural form and has not been changed by civilization. Notice the following:

  1. You should wear supportive shoes because the terrain is very rugged.
  2. The terrain in that area makes construction very difficult.