tutorStudy Options
Improve your vocabulary, listening or reading skills with the quizzes below.
Vocabulary Quiz
fast • moderation • balanced
treat • occasionally
  1. Pizza is a big for me since I almost never eat it.
  2. I used to come here all the time, but now I only eat here .
  3. The only kind of food she eats is fried chicken.
  4. She makes sure her kids have a very diet.
  5. One of the things about growing older is that you have to learn if you don't want to gain weight.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
Audio Links

Download this MP3
(right click and save)

Buy this MP3 +1300
more MP3 and PDF

story image

435 Food and Health
Mike shares his thoughts about health and fast food.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

fast food

I don't eat fast food because I find them not very healthy.

'Fast food' is food that a restaurant can make very quickly or already has made when you order it. People frequently eat fast food in their cars to save time when they are traveling. Hamburgers are a very common type of fast food. Notice the following:

  1. This is the most popular fast food restaurant around here.
  2. Fast food makes me feel terrible.


Moderation is the key, because anything that's too much is a bad thing.

You are showing 'moderation' when you avoid extremes of anything. You keep something at a healthy limit. For example, if you go shopping and there are 4 shirts that you want but you only buy one because you only need one you are showing moderation. Notice the following:

  1. He used to buy everything in sight, but now he shows more moderation.
  2. Moderation is not an easy thing to have when the food is this good.

balanced diet

I try to eat a balanced diet and stay away from fast food.

If someone has a 'balanced diet' he eats healthy foods from the important food groups, like vegetables, fruits, meats and grains. If everything you eat is from one food group you do not have a balanced diet. Notice the following:

  1. The doctor told me that I need to try to have a more balanced diet.
  2. It's hard to have a balanced diet when you eat in restaurants all the time.

special treat or treat

Do you have any fast food that you like to each once in a while, just as a special treat?

A 'special treat' is something that you do or eat once in a while as a reward. It is something that is not a good idea to do or eat all the time. Typically a food 'treat' is considered something sweet, but it can really be anything that isn't very good for you but you enjoy. Notice the following:

  1. I get a coffee from here once a week as a special treat.
  2. Eating in a nice restaurant like this is a special treat for me.


Occasionally, I'll have a little bit of Belgium chocolate.

'Occasionally' is the same as 'once in a while.' Notice the following:

  1. He spends most of his time at his university, but he comes home occasionally.
  2. Occasionally I walk to the supermarket instead of going in my car.