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Vocabulary Quiz
bargains • ornaments • worth
bartered • shivers • rubbish
  1. I for this dress and got it for a really good price.
  2. I'm trying to decide which of these things is keeping and which I should just throw away.
  3. I'm so cold right now that I literally have down my spine.
  4. This store is great for cheap, but the quality isn't always the best.
  5. All of the cooking supplies I own are. I need to buy some new stuff.
  6. Her house is always full of fun for the season.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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454 Bargains
Ruth talks about her passion for bargains.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

cheap bargains

I didn't really have very much money, so I went out looking for cheap bargains.

If something is sold at a price which is lower than it should be, you can say it is a 'bargain.' Notice the following:

  1. All the stores are having sales now, so there's tons of cheap bargains.
  2. This is a place to find really cheap bargain, but you have to spend some time looking.


You can buy all sorts of things in a 100-yen shop, including ornaments.

An 'ornament' is something that is used to decorate. Notice the following:

  1. Let's take out the ornaments to decorate the house for the holidays.
  2. My grandparents' house is full of ornaments from their home country.

worth buying

When I know I've found something that's worth buying, I really get excited about it.

When the price for something is less than or equal to  what it will mean for you, then it is 'worth buying.'  If you think something is too expensive for what you will use it for or get out of it, than it is not worth buying.  'Worth' refers to the value of something.  Notice the following:

  1. None of this stuff is worth buying, because it just breaks right away.
  2. This area is so touristy that it's full of things that aren't worth buying.

shivers down my spine

It sends shivers down my spine when I get excited about something I like to buy.

When you are cold, nervous or excited you may feel a 'shiver down your spine.'  Your spine is the bone that goes down the middle of your back.  Sometimes when you are cold you feel a tremble or a shake in this bone.  Notice the following:

  1. Every time I hear this song it gives me shivers down my spine.
  2. That sound gives me shivers down my spine.


Some things are really pretty rubbish, but if you do find a bargain, it's great.

Something that is 'rubbish' is garbage or not useful in any way.  Notice the following:

  1. There is a lot of rubbish in the street here.
  2. I can't believe you keep this stuff.  It's just a bunch of rubbish.


People look through other people's items and if they find something they want, they barter.

When you 'barter' with a salesperson you negotiate a price that you feel comfortable paying and the salesperson feels comfortable accepting.  This is very common in many cultures, especially where prices are not listed.  Notice the following:

  1. All the salespeople start out with a high price, because they expect you to barter.
  2. I hate bartering.  If I feel like the price is too high, I just walk away.