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Vocabulary Quiz
pros • freedom • stuck
confined to • stale
  1. For every decision that we make, we spend hours discussing the and cons.
  2. Living with his mother made him feel like he had no .
  3. My job keeps me behind a desk all day.
  4. My dogs have been their kennel all day, and they need to go for a run.
  5. You can tell that nobody has lived here for a while because of the air.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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468 Types of Travel
Simon discusses the pros and cons of travel.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

pros and cons

Each of these forms of transportation have their pros and cons.

'Pros and cons' is another way to say 'positives and negatives.' Notice the following:

  1. Before you make a decision, you need to think about the pros and cons.
  2. There are more pros than cons in my new job.


The pros of traveling by car would be mainly freedom.

When you have 'freedom,' you can do whatever you want, whenever you want to do it. Notice the following:

  1. This is his first year living alone and he's enjoying his freedom.
  2. Having your own company gives you a lot of freedom.


You can move around on a train, whereas you're stuck in a car.

When you are 'stuck' someplace, you can't move to where you want to go.  Notice the following:

  1. I hate being stuck in the house.
  2. We have been stuck in this meeting for almost 2 hours.


When you travel by train, you're confined by schedule; when you travel by plane, you're confined to a small space.

If you are 'confined' to something, you are restricted by its limitations.  Notice the following:

  1. The dog is confined to those two rooms.
  2. My legs hurt from being confined to this chair all day.

stale air

The disadvantages of the plane is the lack of view and that stale air.

'Stale air' does not feel fresh.  It feels like it has recirculated many times.  Notice the following:

  1. Stale air makes me feel like I can't breathe.
  2. We should open a window, because this room is full of stale air.