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Vocabulary Quiz
rugged • hard-nosed • inhospitable
rough • notoriously
  1. I don't know why anyone would want to live in a place that's so cold and .
  2. The trail that we will be walking on today is very and rough.
  3. The bike trail is very and rocky, so be careful when you are riding.
  4. His movies are bloody.
  5. She is very about her opinions and almost never changes her mind.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
story image

561 Rough and Tough

Jeff talks about a trip he plans to take with his father.

  • Transcript
  • Vocabulary
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview. Learn more here.


It's very rugged and rough.

We usually use this term to refer to a road or a path.  A 'rugged' path would have a lot of rocks, be very uneven and difficult to walk on, and it is not well maintained.  Notice the following:

  1. The road to the cabin is a little rugged, so be careful when you are driving in.
  2. The hike up the mountain was rugged and difficult.


The people that live there are very hard-nosed.

A 'hard-nosed' person is stubborn and difficult, usually to the point of being impractical.  Notice the following:

  1. He is very hard-nosed about his job and is not easy to work with.
  2. Don't be so hard-nosed about the situation.  Just say you are sorry.


Most of it is very inhospitable.

If a person or place is 'inhospitable,' then it is not welcoming or friendly. It's not a comfortable place to be.  Notice the following:

  1. The receptionist at the hotel was very inhospitable.
  2. There was only one space left to put our tent and it was inhospitable.

rough and rocky

It's very rough and rocky.

If a surface is not smooth, but is sharp, uneven and has a lot of rocks then it is "rough and rocky."  Notice the following:

  1. I fell coming down the hill because the path was so rough and rocky.
  2. My legs hurt from the rough and rocky climb today.


It's a pretty notorious island.

Something famous or well-known is "notorious."  Usually something is notorious for a particular and specific reason. This word is frequently used with negative ideas. Notice the following:

  1. He is a notorious problem child in the classroom.
  2. That part of town is notorious for crime.


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