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Vocabulary Quiz
phenomenon • arena • turn around
notch • thought
  1. He found a job easily, because he went to a notch university.
  2. A eclipse of the sun is a that will occur very few times in your life.
  3. There was a huge near the end of the game, and we ended up winning.
  4. In the of the art world, he is very respected.
  5. Their company is very well of in the world of graphic design.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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580 The Irish Economy

Marion talks about the growing Irish economy.

  • Transcript
  • Vocabulary
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview. Learn more here.


We call it the Celtic tiger phenomenon.

A 'phenomenon' is an unusual or remarkable occurrence.  Notice the following:

  1. What's the most incredible phenomenon you've ever seen?
  2. The fact that the pilot survived the plane crash is a real phenomenon.


I was very surprised and shocked that my small country could be number one in that arena.

In this case, 'arena' can be replaced with area of competition.  This could be physical competition, like in the Olympics or a more indirect competition, such as economics.  Notice the following:

  1. In the financial arena he is below average, but he makes me laugh.
  2. He's never been very good in the dating arena.

turn around

I read that one of the reasons for the turn around is the good university system.

A 'turn around' is when something that is worsening turns and begins to improve or vice versa.  We use this phrase to a lot to talk about the economy.  Notice the following:

  1. This year the company made an even better turn around than expected.
  2. We are expecting a turn around in the second half of the game.

top notch

The education system in Ireland is quite top notch.

If something is 'top notch,' it is of a very good quality or level.  Notice the following:

  1. You are a top notch friend.
  2. The party last night was top notch.

well thought of

It is true that the university system is very well thought of and very well recognized throughout the rest of Europe.

If you are 'well thought of,' you have a good reputation and others think highly of you.  Notice the following:

  1. Which computer company is the most well thought of?
  2. She was never very well thought of as an author, but I liked her books.


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