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Vocabulary Quiz
facing • functions • due to
organic materials • died out • dump
  1. Your back pain is lifting heavy boxes yesterday.
  2. It basically as a watch and MP3 player.
  3. Some countries separate the from the inorganic materials.
  4. Almost all the fish in the lake because of the ice in the winter.
  5. You can the rest of your coffee out in the sink.
  6. The company is a decrease in budget.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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978 European Matters
Aiste and Christophe talks about some of the environmental problems in Europe.

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Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

face a problem


We are facing kind of a big problem.

When we are facing a problem that means we have a problem we need to take care of. Notice the following:

  1. The world is facing the big problem of global warming.
  2. We are facing kind of a big problem. Our new English teacher speaks too fast.



It functions almost like a lake.

To function like something or someone means to work or perform the same as another thing or person. Here are two samples:

  1. Most of the time our guest room functions as a storage room.
  2. Good teachers often function as role models for younger kids.

due to


The pollution is due to the factories.

We use the phrase 'due to' when we want to give a reason why. It is similar in meaning to 'because'. Notice the samples:

  1. Due to the rainy weather, we've been facing a horrible traffic problem.
  2. The concert was cancelled due to low ticket sales.

organic materials


other organic materials

The phrase 'Organic materials' means natural materials. Here are two samples:

  1. The experimental house is built of organic materials.
  2. The company uses 100% organic materials in their products.

die out


They start dying out.

When plants, animals or things die out, it means they begin to die in large numbers. Notice the sample sentences:

  1. The art of cooking is dying out in many developed countries.
  2. Due to close contact with Mekong fishermen, the Mekong dolphin has begun dying out.



Factories are dumping all their stuff in the river.

The word 'stuff' can mean anything, and we 'dump' things we don't want. Here, 'stuff' means chemicals  from factories that flow into the sea. Notice the samples:

  1. After dinner, we dumped all the dirty dishes in the sink and watched the game on TV.
  2. He was so tired he dumped all his stuff on the floor and went to sleep.