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Improve your vocabulary, listening or reading skills with the quizzes below.
Vocabulary Quiz
minimize • destructive • obviously
give-and-take • stage
  1. He tried to the damage.
  2. She is the leader of the group.
  3. Every marriage requires from both spouses.
  4. We are in the final of the race .
  5. Cars can be very towards the environment.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.

1001 Logging in Taz

Nick talks about the issue of logging in his part of the world and how it effects the area.

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  • Audio Notes

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Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.



Companies are clear-felling the forests.

Clear-felling refers to cutting all the trees in a forested area. Another term for clear-felling is clear-cutting. Here are some samples:

  1. Clear-felling is now seen as the worst way to manage forests.
  2. One alternative to clear-felling is to cut trees in small patches.

minimize the destructiveness


My job was to minimize the destructiveness.

When you minimize something you make it less severe. When you minimize the destructiveness of something, you make it less destructive. Something that is destructive destroys or kills things, so to minimize it, is to lessen the damage. Notice the following:

  1. People wear helmets to minimize the destructiveness of a crash.
  2. Cigarettes have filters to minimize the damage they can cause to one's health.



Many animals die obviously.

Obviously is the adverb of obvious. When something is obvious it is easy to notice. Speakers often use the phrase obviously to let the listener know that they assume the listeners is aware of what they are saying as well. Here are some examples:

  1. If you drink and drive, obviously you are risking your life and others.
  2. Obviously you are upset. Perhaps I should come back later.



It's a bit of give-and-take.

When something is a give-and-take, that means it is a compromise. You give something and you take something, so everyone involved must give something up to receive something. Notice the following:

  1. A successful marriage has a lot of give-and-take.
  2. A good teacher allows some give-and-take with the students. Some class time is set aside for fun

at this stage


At this stage, I think it's difficult

The phrase 'at this stage' means 'at this time', or 'at the point we are now'. Processes happen in stages, for example, you have many stages in life, such as childhood, early adulthood, and so on. Some examples are as follows:

  1. At this stage of my life, I just want to start a family and slow down.
  2. The game is at the stage where everything gets exciting.