The Inter-America Court
Katia: Actually it's one court. The Inter-American Court but also before bringing a case into the court, we had to work with the Commission, with the Inter-American Commission first so it's two different entities, the Commission and the Court.
Todd: Can you first explain the Court, so Inter-American Court that's all the countries in South America?
Katia: Actually this is the countries of South America, Central America and North America, so it's North and South America.
Todd: So how does the Court work?
Katia: Well, the judges are from different countries of Latin American countries and the US for example or Canada and once a case is seen by the Commission, the Inter-American Commission, if the person that is suing wants to continue the sue or the state has not done what it is supposed to do, then it can be taken into the Court and then the Court will decide whether the state has committed or it's in fault or not and will give a sentence.
Todd: So does this Court have a lot of power, like for example can other smaller countries or can any country just ignore it, ignore the ruling?
Katia: Well yes they can ignore it but it will not be seen very good by other countries. It's not an obligation. You cannot force the country to do something but it's very rare for this to happen. Maybe it takes a long time for a state to pay the victim or to do something regarding the decision but usually they do obey, most of the time.
bring a case to court
Before bringing a case into the court, we had to work with the Commission.
Lawyers bring a case into court to seek a ruling. Notice the following:
- We had to file the paperwork before bringing the case to court.
- Bringing a case to court takes a lot of preparation.
Can any country just ignore it, ignore the ruling?
When we ignore something , that means we pay no attention to it. Notice the following:
- Just ignore him and he'll go away.
- We can't ignore the deadline.
It's two different entities, the Commission and the Court.
Here, entities are two separate parts of the legal system. Notice the following:
- The tax department is a separate entity from finance.
- It's a different entity entirely.
The Court give a sentence.
A sentence is the penalty or punishment we receive if we are found guilty of wrongdoing in a court of law. Notice the following:
- He received a long sentence.
- The two year jail sentence was shorter than expected.
It's not an obligation. You cannot force the country to do something.
An obligation is something we must do. Notice the following:
- The company had an obligation to pay taxes.
- He was under no obligation to continue with the current supplier.