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envision • green city • with the times
enthusiast • urbanized
  1. It is better for your health to live in a .
  2. Fashion always changes .
  3. We a bright future for her.
  4. She is a pizza . She knows all about it.
  5. Cities that are actually have less crime.
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Answer the following questions about the interview.
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1150 Urban Plannning

Shifani talks about how to make cities more efficient places to live.

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Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


What do you envision in the future?

When we envision something, that means we predict or imagine what will happen in the future. Notice the following:

  1. With the new rail system, I envision a reduced traffic problem.
  2. It's difficult to envision how the city will change in the next 20 years.

green city

Future cities would be green.

A green city has a lot of trees, plants, parks, etc. Notice the following:

  1. New York is not exactly a green city, but it does have Central Park.
  2. What can we do to make our city greener?

change with the times

Cities need to change with the times.

To change with the times means to be flexible. Notice the following:

  1. The city is slowly changing with the times.
  2. It's difficult for older people to change with the times.


Cities are going to become more urbanized.

When a city is urbanized, that means lots of people live in the center of the city. Notice the following:

  1. New York is very urbanized, for many people walk to their jobs downtown.
  2. Houston is not urbanized, as people usually commute to the city by car.


Trying to tell a car enthusiast that he should not drive his car is not easy.

An enthusiast is someone who loves something very much. They are enthusiastic about ita. Notice the following:

  1. I am a bicycle enthusiast.
  2. She is an opera enthusiast.