Hanging out in Santiago
Daniel: Hello! How are you?
Hana: I’m fine, thank you. I heard you’re from Chile.
Daniel: Yes, that’s right.
Hana: Where are you from in Chile?
Daniel: I’m from a city called Santiago, that’s the capital.
Hana: Ah, I see, I've never been. What do you recommend?
Daniel: Well in Santiago there are a lot of things to do. First, we have a lot of historical places. There are a lot of Spanish buildings. But also Santiago has turned into a really modern city, so we have a lot of shopping malls. There are a lot of really modern tall buildings. But on the other hand, we still keep a lot of parks. There is a lot of nature in Santiago. And since Chile is so narrow there is also the Andes Mountains right next to the city. So that is really, really nice.
Hana: I see. How’s the food?
Daniel: Well Chilean food is really good. And the good thing about being in Santiago is that there are a lot of restaurants where you can try really local and traditional food. And also a lot of cafes that you can go have a drink, to have a coffee, relax with your friends. So there are many, many things that you can do if you visit Santiago.
Hana: Wow, it sounds very interesting.
I’m from a city called Santiago, that’s the capital.
The capital is the most important city in a country. Notice the following:
- The capital of Australia is Canberra.
- Paris is the fashion capital of the world.
Santiago has turned into a really modern city.
'Turned into' means 'become'. Notice the following:
- He has turned into a really nice young man.
- We hope to turn the old building into a dance club.
a lot of
There is a lot of nature in Santiago.
'A lot of' means 'many' or 'much'. It is used with count and non-count nouns. Notice the following:
- There is not a lot of crime in this city.
- There are a lot of jobs now in biotechnology.
And since Chile is so narrow, there is also the Andes Mountains right next to the city.
'Since' can mean 'because'. Notice the following:
- Since the party is over, I will go home.
- Let's stay home since it is cold outside.
There is also the Andes Mountains right next to the city.
When the word 'right' comes next to a prepostion, it is similar to 'very' or 'exactly' in meaning. Notice the following:
- He is right in front of you.
- My house is right by a park.