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capital • turn into • a lot of
since • right
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1297 Hanging out in Santiago

Daniel gives Hana some tips about hanging out in his hometown of Santiago.

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  • Vocabulary
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capital

notesI’m from a city called Santiago, that’s the capital.

The capital is the most important city in a country. Notice the following:

  1. The capital of Australia is Canberra.
  2. Paris is the fashion capital of the world.

turn into

notesSantiago has turned into a really modern city.

'Turned into' means 'become'. Notice the following:

  1. He has turned into a really nice young man.
  2. We hope to turn the old building into a dance club.

a lot of

notesThere is a lot of nature in Santiago.

'A lot of' means 'many' or 'much'. It is used with count and non-count nouns. Notice the following:

  1. There is not a lot of crime in this city.
  2. There are a lot of jobs now in biotechnology.

since

notesAnd since Chile is so narrow, there is also the Andes Mountains right next to the city.

'Since' can mean 'because'. Notice the following:

  1. Since the party is over, I will go home.
  2. Let's stay home since it is cold outside.

right

notesThere is also the Andes Mountains right next to the city.

When the word 'right' comes next to a prepostion, it is similar to 'very' or 'exactly' in meaning. Notice the following:

  1. He is right in front of you.
  2. My house is right by a park.