Grammar Talks A1-02 Be Verbs


Two people discuss colors and things with these colors.

Meg: Hey, Todd. Let's talk about colors.

Todd: All right.

Meg: What is blue?

Todd: The ocean is blue. The sky is blue. During the day, the sky is blue. And my eyes are blue.

Meg: Oh, mine too. What is red?

Todd: Red. Let's see. Well, tomatoes are red. Strawberries are red, and ...

Meg: And roses are red.

Todd: Roses are red. That's right.

Meg: Yeah. What is green?

Todd: Well, lots of vegetables are green. Lettuce is green. Cabbage is green or purple. And asparagus is green.

Meg: Asparagus, right. Also, grass is green.

Todd: That's right. Grass is green.

Meg: What is yellow?

Todd: Well, lemons are yellow. The sun is yellow, sometimes, or orange.

Meg: Or red.

Todd: What else is yellow?

Meg: Sunflowers are yellow.

Todd: Sunflowers are yellow. That's nice.

Meg: What is orange?

Todd: Also, sometimes the sun is orange. Oranges are orange.

Meg: Of course.

Todd: And persimmons are orange.

Meg: Yes.

Todd: Oh, I know.

Meg: What?

Todd: Carrots.

Meg: Carrots.

Todd: Carrots are orange.

Meg: Of course. Carrots are orange. What is black?

Todd: Sometimes dirt is black. The night sky is black.

Meg: Right. And your shirt is black.

Todd: Yes. I like my black shirt.

Meg: What is white?

Todd: Vanilla Ice Cream is white. The snow is white.

Meg: Yes. And clouds are white.

Todd: Clouds are white. And sometimes clouds are black.

Meg: Yes, when it's going to rain.

Todd: Or gray.

Meg: Right. What is pink?

Todd: Some flowers are pink. Cotton candy is pink.

Meg: Yes.

Todd: And, sometimes lollipops are pink.

Meg: Yeah. A lot of candy is pink, sometimes.

Todd: Now, sometimes women's clothing is pink.

Meg: Or men's.

Todd: Or men's. Do you like pink shirts?

Meg: I don't usually wear pink shirts. What about you?

Todd: I don't like pink shirts. I don't like pink, actually.

Meg: Oh, that's too bad.

Todd: What is your favorite color?

Meg: My favorite color is orange.

Todd: Really? Orange?

Meg: Yeah, I love orange. It's so bright. What about you?

Todd: I have three. I like the same. I know I like green. I love green, I love blue, I love purple.

Meg: You like the cool colors.

Todd: Right. I don't like orange, I don't like yellow, and I don't like pink.

Meg: You don't like the warm colors.

Todd: Yes. Bright colors, not so much.

Meg: I see.

Todd: What about red? Do you like red?

Meg: I don't especially like red. I like red poppies, a type of flower.

Todd: All right, yeah.

Meg: But I don't like to wear red.

Todd: Yeah, me too. Do you dislike any colors?

Meg: Actually, I don't like brown. I think it's a boring color.

Todd: Yeah, that's true. But often dogs are brown and I love dogs.

Meg: I also like dogs, so a brown dog is okay. But a brown shirt, no, thank you.

Basic Subect - Verb Agreement with Be ( is / are )

Singular Nouns + Be - For singular nouns as the subject use the verb is.

My car is nice.
This shirt is blue.
The game is exciting.
The sky is blue.

Plural Nouns + Be - For plural nouns as the subject use the verb are.

My eyes are brown.
The apples are sweet.
The clouds are gray.
The bananas are delicious.

Non-Count Nouns+ Be - For noun you cannot count use the verb are.

The air is dirty.
The weather is bad.
The time is near.
My energy is low.

Plurals vs. Singular nouns - We usually use the plural noun when talk about things in general.

Apples are red.
I love peaches.
Cars are expensive.
I like pink flowers.

Answer the following questions about the interview.
Begginer A1 Conversations as listening lessons with natural English for ESL students.
Begginer A2 Conversations as listening lessons with natural English for ESL students.
Begginer B1 Conversations as listening lessons with natural English for ESL students.

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