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Vocabulary Quiz
concerns • vending • consumes
aggravate • summit
  1. My truck a lot of gasoline.
  2. It is really starting to me that you never call me back.
  3. It took almost four hours of climbing to reach the .
  4. I'm starving. Are there any machines in this building?
  5. I have a lot of about my son's education.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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99 Vending Machines
Hisa has a complaint about vending machines. She explains why.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


You were telling me that you have a concern about Japan.

A 'concern' is something that you are worried about. Notice the following:

  1. His biggest concern right now is that his wife will be angry.
  2. Do you have any concerns about your medication?

vending machines

There's just so many vending machines in Japan.

'Vending machines' are machines that sell snacks and beverages.  You put in your money and choose which item you want and it falls to the bottom of the machine. Notice the following:

  1. Most of the food in that vending machine is not very healthy.
  2. There is almost nothing left in vending machines after exam week.

consume energy

Each one of those machines consumes energy.

When we use energy we are 'consuming' it. We can also use 'consume' to mean eat when talking about people. Notice the following:

  1. The doctor told me to consume less salt.
  2. We consume a lot of extra energy by leaving things on that we aren't using.

aggravates (the scenery)

Having so many vending machines really aggravates the scenery.

To 'aggravate' something means to make it worse or more severe.   We frequently use this verb to mean the same as annoy when referring to people. Notice the following:

  1. It really aggravates him when people are late.
  2. The sound of a telephone ringing is really aggravating.


There's a vending machine even on the summit of Mt.Fuji.

The 'summit' of a mountain is the highest point. Notice the following:

  1. The wind was really strong and cold at the summit.
  2. We took many photographs at the summit.



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