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Vocabulary Quiz
eye-opener • knock down • fascinating
man-made • pristine
  1. Lake Mead is a lake in Nevada.
  2. The documentary was an to how life really is Indonesia.
  3. The area around their cabin is .
  4. They are going to all the houses on this street to build an apartment building.
  5. Some of the displays at the museum were .
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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138 China
Phil talks about his stay in China and the famous places he visited.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


China was an eye-opener.

An 'eye-opener' is a surprising or shocking experience.  The phrase refers to when you open your eyes really wide if you are surprised.  Notice the following:

  1. Living with him was an eye-opener to his real personality.
  2. Although the vacation was relaxing, it was also an eye-opener.

knock down

A lot has been knocked down.

To 'knock something down' is to destroy it until there is nothing left.  This is when construction companies hit a building with a big heavy ball.  Notice the following:

  1. My brother knocked down my sand castle.
  2. The office building was almost completely knocked down by the hurricane.


Wow! That's fascinating.

Something that is very interesting is 'fascinating.'  Notice the following:

  1. This book that I'm reading is absolutely fascinating.
  2. Don't you think that archaeology is fascinating?


Those are the two really old man-made things I saw in China.

Something that is 'man-made' is not natural and has been built or constructed by humans.  Notice the following:

  1. The man-made bridge was very difficult engineering accomplishment.
  2. Is the lake natural or man-made?


These parts of the Yangtze were pristine.

If a place is 'pristine' it is pure, natural and people have not changed it.  Notice the following:

  1. The scenery was so pristine that you felt like you were in a painting.
  2. Behind the house there is a huge pristine woods.