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Vocabulary Quiz
loser • connotation • deep down
vicious • hand
  1. That word has a negative .
  2. He says he is not sad but he really is.
  3. Poverty is a cycle that is hard to get out of .
  4. Sometimes in life you are dealt a bad .
  5. He is a nice guy but everyone thinks he is a .
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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1094 Welfare

Todd talks with Rachel about how people feel about welfare in the United States.

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Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

a loser

People look at you like you're a loser.

A loser is someone who is not successful at things they do. Notice the following.

  1. My brother is too lazy to get a job. He’s such a loser.
  2. In some countries, if you have little money, people think you are a loser.

negative connotation

Being on welfare has a negative connotation.

A negative connotation is a bad feeling or idea suggested by a word or situation. Notice the samples.

  1. In western countries, living with your parents after graduating university has negative connotations.
  2. ‘Ignorant’ means not having knowledge, but it also has a negative connotation when used informally as meaning stupid.

deep down

Deep down they wish they had a better job.

‘Deep down’ talks about your true feeling about something or somebody. Note the following examples.

  1. He is polite, respectful and friendly to customers, but deep down he hates his job.
  2. I always appear confident during a presentation, but deep down, I’m actually a little nervous

vicious cycle

Poor people are kept in this vicious cycle.

A vicious cycle is a very bad situation that is continuous and difficult to stop. Notice the sample.

  1. People with no education are kept in a vicious cycle of poverty.

hand they've been dealt

They have resentment for the terrible hand they've been dealt.

The hand you are dealt talks about things in your life that you can’t control. Here are two examples.

  1. Bill Clinton was born into a poor family, but made the best of the hand he was dealt.
  2. Paris Hilton had very rich parents. She was dealt a lucky hand.