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The GM debate

Ruth and Todd debate genetically modified foods.
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Todd: Hey, Akane, I was reading in the paper that China is doing research on genetically modified foods and is considering it. The United States is for using genetically modified foods, (I see) but Europe is against it. (Oh, right) So you're from Canada, what do you think?

Akane: Well, I think it's a great idea. to have genetically modified foods.

Todd: Why?

Akane: Well, I think that especially for countries like China research shows that the people in China, the quality of their life is going to be of the level of the people in America within the next thirty years, and if this world is going to support that kind of population, we definitely need more resources in order to make food to support the population.

Todd: Do you worry more that maybe there haven't been enough tests on genetically modified foods, that there might be side effects that could lead to cancer, or could maybe ruin the naturally life cycle of the plants?

Akane: Uh, definitely, I think there is lots of reasons to be concerned and that's why the research has to be taken carefully and slowly and there has to be laws and procedures in place so that the research is controlled and that foods are tested before people can use them.

Todd: So, you're saying that they should do research but it's OK to go ahead and try to use it now?

Akane: Well, if there is reason to think that it is safe after many tests then, then I think we should start using it for the future.

Todd: Mm, I mean, I can understand why people would want to use genetically modified foods because in terms of drought or insects eating the plants or feeding really impoverished areas like Africa and parts of Asia (Right) it's useful but we really don't know, I mean, aren't you a little bit worried that if you rush it you don't give enough time for the tests, you know, if it's really harmful to the environment or the people.

Akane: For sure, so I don't think we should rush it, but at the same time I don't think we should completely stop the research, either because the fact is the population is growing and these people are going to have to eat food so if genetically modified foods can help people to eat and survive and for the human population to survive then we're going to have to continue with the research.

Todd: That's a pretty solid argument. I pretty much agree with you on that.

Akane: Thanks

Todd: OK, thanks, Akane.

Learn vocabulary from the lesson!

genetically modified foods

I was reading in the papers that China is doing research on genetically modified foods.

'Genetically modified foods' are foods in which the DNA has been changed in some way by scientists. In these foods, scientists are able to make more specific changes than they can through breeding techniques. Notice the following:

  1. Some genetically modified foods are ridiculously large.
  2. She won't eat genetically modified foods.

support the population

China will definitely need more resources in order to support the population.

Here, 'support the population' means to produce enough food to feed the people that live in a particular country or area. Notice the following:

  1. There isn't enough water in this area to support the population.
  2. Even on years with enough rain, there is barely enough food to support the population.

side effects

Don't you worry that there might be side effects that could lead to cancer?

We use the term 'side effects' to refer to the additional, and sometimes unexpected effects, that occur when certain procedures or medicines are used. We usually use 'side effects' to talk about the unpleasant additional effects. Notice the following:

  1. Sometimes it seems that the side effects of a drug are worse than the original problem.
  2. These headaches I'm getting must be a side effect of the medicine that I've been taking.

in place

There has to be laws and procedures in place so that the research is controlled.

Here, 'in place' refers to rule that has been created and is in use, monitored and enforced. Notice the following:

  1. We have all of these laws in place, but nobody does a good job enforcing them.
  2. That law will come into place next March.


I can understand why people would want to use it for feeding impoverished areas.

People in 'impoverished' areas have very little money and frequently don't have enough food. Notice the following:

  1. He grew up in an impoverished area.
  2. This is a very impoverished neighborhood, but there are many government programs that are trying to change that.

solid argument

That's a pretty solid argument, and I pretty much agree with you on that.

A 'solid argument' has a lot of support and evidence to support it. Notice the following:

  1. The debate was good, and both sides had some very solid arguments.
  2. Although many people don't believe in his theory, I feel like he has presented some solid arguments.

Vocabulary Quiz

genetically • support • effects
place • impoverished • arguments
  1. She is volunteering in a very area in Peru this summer.
  2. Both sides presented very solid during the court hearing.
  3. Disaster relief agencies are sending in food and water to the population.
  4. People that don't want modified foods usually buy organic.
  5. The government has been trying to get a law like that in for years.
  6. The doctor told me that this medicine is supposed to have very few side .
Answer the following questions about the interview.

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